Gum recession is a gradual loss of pink tissue exposing the tooth root. Gum recession is concerning since it leaves your teeth at risk of a cavity, infection, or loss.
If detected and treated early, gum recession can be reversed. In more advanced cases, you may need a gum graft or a filling to cover the exposed root.
Causes of Gum Recession
Studies have shown that 30% of the population are predisposed to gum disease even if they have good oral hygiene. There are several contributing factors to gum disease, the primary being periodontal gum disease.
Other causes of gum recession include:
Misaligned or crooked tooth
Poor oral hygiene
Body piercing of the tongue or lip
Incorrect or aggressive tooth brushing
Hormonal changes (pregnancy)
Grinding or clenching your teeth
Signs of Gum Recession
Depending on the severity of the recession, the symptoms may vary. The most common signs of gum recession:
Sensitivity to hot and cold drinks
Black triangles or spaces between your teeth affecting your smile
Teeth appear longer
Treatments for Gum Recession
There is a wide range of treatments available depending on the severity of the gum recession. The treatment options available include:
Desensitizing agents, dentin bonding agents, and fluoride varnishes
Composite resin restoration
Alignement of your teeth with braces or Invisalign
Preventing Gum Recession
The most effective way to prevent gum recession is to maintain good oral health by brushing your teeth with a soft bristle toothbrush and floss twice a day. Prevention is key, visiting your dentist every 6 months will intercept early signs of gum recession. Your dentist may recommend a night guard or orthodontic treatment if the recession is caused by teeth grinding or misaligned teeth.