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All you need to know about Gum Recession

Gum recession is a gradual loss of pink tissue exposing the tooth root. Gum recession is concerning since it leaves your teeth at risk of a cavity, infection, or loss.

If detected and treated early, gum recession can be reversed. In more advanced cases, you may need a gum graft or a filling to cover the exposed root.

Causes of Gum Recession

Studies have shown that 30% of the population are predisposed to gum disease even if they have good oral hygiene. There are several contributing factors to gum disease, the primary being periodontal gum disease.

Other causes of gum recession include:

  • Misaligned or crooked tooth

  • Poor oral hygiene

  • Body piercing of the tongue or lip

  • Incorrect or aggressive tooth brushing

  • Hormonal changes (pregnancy)

  • Grinding or clenching your teeth

  • Tobacco use

  • Misaligned bites

Signs of Gum Recession

Depending on the severity of the recession, the symptoms may vary. The most common signs of gum recession:

  • Sensitivity to hot and cold drinks

  • Black triangles or spaces between your teeth affecting your smile

  • Teeth appear longer

  • Bad breath

  • Bleeding gums

Treatments for Gum Recession

There is a wide range of treatments available depending on the severity of the gum recession. The treatment options available include:

  • Desensitizing agents, dentin bonding agents, and fluoride varnishes

  • Composite resin restoration

  • Alignement of your teeth with braces or Invisalign

  • Gum grafts

Preventing Gum Recession

The most effective way to prevent gum recession is to maintain good oral health by brushing your teeth with a soft bristle toothbrush and floss twice a day. Prevention is key, visiting your dentist every 6 months will intercept early signs of gum recession. Your dentist may recommend a night guard or orthodontic treatment if the recession is caused by teeth grinding or misaligned teeth.

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